Publications List

Comprehensive listing of books, reports, and research on regional cooperation and integration (RCI) in South Asia and relevant global RCI publications, including publications on transport, trade facilitation, energy, and economic corridors in the SASEC region.

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Significance of Padma Bridge in South Asia's Connectivity

The Padma Bridge will improve connectivity and increase trade in the Bangladesh. The bridge increases connectivity in Bangladesh and is projected to improve the quality of life among nearby communities. The economies of nearby countries also stand to benefit, as the bridge improves connectivity among Bhutan, India, and Nepal, and improves mobility of people, goods, and essential services.

Author: CUTS International

Year: 2022

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Tags: Transport, Trade, BBIN, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal

Digital and Sustainable Trade Facilitation in South and South-West Asia 2021

The United Nations conducted a survey on digital and sustainable trade facilitation, covering 58 trade facilitation measures. According to the report, compliance to the World Trade Organization Trade Facilitation Agreement by south and southwest Asian countries may reduce trade costs by 3% to 6%. Implementation of digital trade facilitation measures and cross border paperless trade could reduce costs by 18%.

Author: United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

Year: 2022

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Tags: South Asia, WTO, Trade Facilitation Agreement

Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2022

Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2022 provides statistics on economic, financial, social, and environmental measures, as well as select indicators for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Statistics for Asian Development Bank's member countries include numbers for energy and electricity, transport and communications, and international trade.

Author: Asian Development Bank

Year: 2022

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Tags: ADB, South Asia, Sustainable Development Goals

South Asia Economic Focus (Fall 2022) Coping with Shocks: Migration and the Road to Resilience

Real gross domestic product (GDP) in South Asia is projected to slow to 5.8% in fiscal year (FY) 2022 and FY2023. In Bangladesh, real GDP growth is projected at 6.1% in FY2022-2023, as higher inflation and rolling power outages dampen post-coronavirus economic recovery in consumption and investment. The easing of mobility restrictions is supporting Bhutan's recovery amid one of the highest vaccination rates globally. With slower domestic demand, real GDP forecast in Bhutan is set at 4.1% in FY2022-2023. In India, where exports and overall economic activity have recovered more strongly than the rest of the world, growth is forecast at 6.5% in FY2022-2023. In Maldives, real GDP is expected to grow by 12.4% in FY2022 and 8.2% in FY2023 on the recovery of tourism. Growth forecast in Nepal is set at 5.1% in FY2022-2023 amid normalization of monetary policy. Real GDP in Sri Lanka is projected at -9.2% in FY2022 and -4.2% in FY2023 due to a severe balance of payment crisis and risks posed by the country's political situation.

Author: World Bank

Year: 2022

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Tags: WB, South Asia

World Investment Report 2022

In 2020–2021, foreign direct investment (FDI) in South Asia fell by 26%, to $52 billion, with large mergers and acquisitions from 2020 not repeated in 2021. Flows to Bangladesh rose by 13% to $2.9 billion, while inflows to India declined to $45 billion. However, India announced new international project finance deals, including 23 in renewable energy. Outward FDI from South Asia, mainly from India, rose by 43% to $16 billion.

Author: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

Year: 2022

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Tags: UNCTAD, Trade, South Asia, Bangladesh, India, Renewable Energy

Asian Development Outlook (ADO) 2022 Update: Entrepreneurship in the Digital Age

Growth forecast in South Asia is projected at 6.5% in fiscal year (FY) 2022 and FY2023. In Bangladesh, gross domestic product (GDP) growth is projected at 7.2% in FY2022 and 6.6% in FY2023, reflecting lower consumption spending. Growth in Bhutan is forecast to grow at 4.5% in FY2022 and 4.0% in FY2023 as government investment continues as a key driver of growth. In India, weaker than expected global demand is expected to affect growth, projected at 7.0% for FY2022 and 7.2% for FY2023. GDP growth in Maldives is forecast at 8.2% in FY2022 and 10.4% in FY2023 with continued tourism arrivals. In Nepal, GDP is projected at 5.8% in FY2022 and 4.7% in FY2023, affected in part by needed policy tightening to address rapid rise in imports. Contractions are projected for Sri Lanka, -8.8% in FY2022 and -3.3% in FY2023, likely resulting from severe macroeconomic challenges, including the impact of the ongoing crisis. In Southeast Asia, Myanmar's GDP is forecast at 2.0% in FY2022 and 2.6% in FY2023 owing to an improvement in economic activity.

Author: Asian Development Bank

Year: 2022

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Tags: ADB, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal

Asia-Pacific Countries with Special Needs Development Report 2022: Financing a Sustainable Recovery from COVID-19 and Beyond

The prospects for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have worsened due to the economic and social impacts of the pandemic. Mobilizing resources to recover from the pandemic which aligns with the need to achieve SDGs is now urgent. Countries should strengthen multilateralism as well as regional cooperation to mobilize the resources to attain a sustainable recovery.

Author: United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

Year: 2022

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Tags: UNESCAP, Sustainable Development Goals, Regional Cooperation, COVID-19

Aid for Trade in Asia and the Pacific: Leveraging Trade and Digital Agreements for Sustainable Development

This report notes how costs and time to trade in Asia and the Pacific has declined since 2018, with South Asia registering the highest reduction in time to trade. The report also looks at how aid for trade should be modernized to address new economic and trade realities such as the rising need for regional cooperation.

Author: Asian Development Bank

Year: 2022

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Tags: ADB, Aid for Trade, South Asia, Regional Cooperation

Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 2022: Economic Policies for an Inclusive Recovery and Development

Rapid economic growth in Asia and the Pacific in the last three decades have lifted many out of poverty, through improvements in agriculture and manufacturing. Nevertheless, many countries have experienced increases in inequality in their countries since the 1990s. This publication argues that Asia-Pacific countries should prioritize inclusive growth, by allowing those from all socioeconomic groups to improve livelihoods, incomes, and education. While fiscal and health challenges posed by the coronavirus pandemic present challenges, achieving inclusive recovery is still very possible.

Author: United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

Year: 2022

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Tags: UNESCAP, COVID-19, Trade

Reshaping Norms: A New Way Forward

South Asian countries are emerging from coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic burdened by high inflation and fiscal imbalances, as well as external shocks. In Bangladesh, gross domestic product (GDP) is projected to increase by 6.4% in fiscal year (FY) 2021-2022 and 6.7% in FY2022-2023. In Bhutan, FY2021-2022 growth is estimated at 4.4% and FY2022-2023 growth at 4.7%, with the expected return of international tourists and migrant workers from India. In India, FY2022-2023 growth is projected at 8%, slightly below last year’s rate. Economic recovery in Maldives will stay strong in 2022, with real GDP growth expected to grow by 8.5% in 2022 and 9.1% in 2023. In Nepal, tourism has yet to recover, with growth projected at 3.7% in FY2021-2022 and 4.1% in FY2022-2023. Hydropower in Nepal is providing a natural hedge against increases in crude oil-based energy prices. Growth in Sri Lanka is hampered by a series of shocks amid high debt, with 2022 growth projected at 2.4%.

Author: World Bank

Year: 2022

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Tags: WB, South Asia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Sri Lanka

Quarterly Dossier: Catalytic Multimodal Connectivity Initiatives in the BBIN Sub-region

Increased integration in the Bangladesh-Bhutan-India-Nepal (BBIN) subregion is critical for shared economic growth. This report looks at opportunities for strengthening regional, subregional, and bilateral initiatives to increase connectivity. It reviews the impact of these initiatives on multimodal connectivity and its effect on the BBIN subregion.

Author: CUTS International

Year: 2022

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Tags: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Trade, Transport

National Single Window: Guidance Note

Electronic national single window systems help stakeholders meet trade and transit requirements. Single windows allow trade and transit sectors to send information to multiple agencies through one platform, thereby helping reduce processing time and the cost of doing business. This guidance note compiles information on planning and implementing national single window systems that help countries comply with international trade regulations.

Author: Asian Development Bank

Year: 2022

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Tags: ADB, National Single Window, Trade, Transport

Fostering Regional Cooperation and Integration for Recovery and Resilience: Guidance Note

The publication identifies opportunities for regional cooperation and integration to complement country efforts to widen include health and financial safety nets. Subregional partnerships such as the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation, Greater Mekong Subregion, and South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) took steps to coordinate coronavirus-response initiatives. SASEC customs officials, for example, agreed to keep country borders open to sensitive and critical goods.

Author: Asian Development Bank

Year: 2022

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Tags: ADB, SASEC, Regional Connectivity, ADB RCI 2022 , ADB RCI

Basic Statistics 2022

Basic Statistics presents economic, environmental, and social indicators used to track progress toward the Sustainable Development Goals. The publication includes new data for development indicators for 46 economies in Asia and Pacific, including those for the seven South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation countries: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, and Sri Lanka.

Author: Asian Development Bank

Year: 2022

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Tags: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Trade, Sustainable Development Goals, Renewable Energy

Asian Development Outlook (ADO) 2022: Mobilizing Taxes for Development

Growth in South Asia is projected to remain strong at 7.0% in FY2022 and 7.4% in FY2023 as the region’s economies try to catch up to pre-pandemic levels. In Bangladesh gross domestic product (GDP) growth is projected at 6.9% in FY2022. Growth in FY2023, projected at 7.1%, will be driven by private consumption. Bhutan is forecast to grow at 4.5% in FY2022. Growth will accelerate to 7.5% in FY2023 with the reopening of international tourism in the country. India is forecast to grow at 7.5% in FY2022 and 8.0% in FY2023, buoyed by strong investment growth. GDP growth in Maldives is forecast at 11.0% in FY2022 and 12.0% in FY2023 with continued tourism arrivals. In Nepal, fiscal stimulus and wider vaccination coverage will support growth, projected at 3.9% in FY2022 and 5.0% in FY2023. Sri Lanka's growth is forecast to slow to 2.4% in FY2022 and pick up to 2.5% in FY2023 amid low foreign exchange reserves. In Southeast Asia, Myanmar’s economy is forecast to contract in FY 2022 on protracted political instability. Myanmar GDP is forecast at -0.3% in FY2022 and 2.6% in FY2023.

Author: Asian Development Bank

Year: 2022

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Tags: ADB, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Myanmar

Regional Cooperation and Integration in Asia and the Pacific: Responding to the COVID-19 Pandemic and "Building Back Better"

Platforms for regional and subregional cooperation helped spur collective action to help Asia and the Pacific build back resiliency from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Regional cooperation platforms such as the South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation program helped countries respond to the COVID-19 emergency. In South Asia, partners will have the opportunities to support regional market development through transport corridors, trade facilitation, and cross-border energy trade post-COVID-19.

Author: Asian Development Bank

Year: 2022

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Tags: ADB, Bangladesh, COVID-19, Economic Corridor Development, Energy, India, Trade Facilitation, SASEC, ADB RCI 2022 , ADB RCI

Asian Economic Integration Report 2022: Advancing Digital Services Trade in Asia and the Pacific

As of December 2021, 73 South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) projects worth $17.43 billion had been financed. The SASEC Program was able to sustain its momentum in 2020 and 2021 in spite of setbacks brought about by the coronavirus pandemic. In 2020–2021, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) committed $2.36 billion for 13 regional cooperation and integration projects in the subregion, including five transport projects, three energy projects, and five multisector/economic corridor projects. The SASEC Secretariat is reviewing the progress of the SASEC Vision initiatives to help make coordination mechanisms more effective and to improve resource mobilization.

Author: Asian Development Bank

Year: 2022

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Tags: Trade, SASEC, ADB, COVID-19, Regional Cooperation

Returned 17 publications